Increase & Decrease


When you are learning how to knit, the most important thing is to figure out how to knit, purl, decrease and increase (usually this is the easiest to do with yarn overs and knit 2 together) This is absolutely enough for most knitting patterns and will get you far, but taking it a step further, you could learn to increase and decrease directionally. This is not that complicated and it will improve the visual appeal of you increases and decreases. In short: it is not necessary, but it makes the work look much more professional.

Directional increases and decreases are for example used in:

– the toe of a sock (pointing the decreses towards the toe)
– the yoke of a sweater
– lace patterns where the decreases line the hole-pattern
– When increasing a triangle shawl from the point out

Increases

Udtagning
Udtagning

The following increases can be replaced with a”yarn over”. this is made by laying the yarn over the right needle and continuing on. When you return to the stitch, knit or purl it, as if it was a real stitch. This produces a hole in the fabric, which is often used for lace. Above is shown a standard raglan increase made with yarn overs. Alternatively, a directional increase can be made. This eliminates the holes and makes the raglan-seam less dainty.

To read the diagram: \ = left increase (ssk) / = right increase (k2tog).
This might be easier to see, if you read the diagram from the bottom up.

Right Increase

UdtagningHøjre
Step 1

Knit up to the point where you need to decrease.

UdtagningHøjre
Step 2

With the right needle: pick up the yarn between the stitch you just knitted, and the next stitch.

UdtagningHøjre
Step 3

“hang” the yarn over the left needle, by inserting it from the back. The short piece should be in front and the long piece should lay in the back.
If this is confusing, please watch the video for more detail.

UdtagningHøjre
Step 4

Insert the right needle into the new “stitch” from left to right (as if to knit). Knit it.

UdtagningHøjre
Step 5

Slip the stitch off the left needle (as normal, when you knit)

Increase left

UdtagningVenstre
Step 1

Knit up to the point where you need to do the increase. With the right needle; pick up the yarn between the stitch you just knit and the next.

UdtagningVenstre
Step 2

Insert the left needle under the yarn you just picked up from the front. You should have a long piece of yarn in front of the needle and a shorter piece in the back. Please watch the video if this is confusing.

UdtagningVenstre
Step 3

Insert the right needle into the new stitch towards the left in the back loop (on the back of the work) knit the stitch.

UdtagningVenstre
Step 4

Take the stitch off the left needle as normal.

Decreases

Indtagning
Indtagning

Right Decrease (k2tog)

IndtagningHøjre
Step 1

This decrease is commonly referred to as knit two together, or k2tog
Knit up to the point where you need to decrease a stitch. The decrease is made over 2 stitched and leaves 1 stitch on the next row.
Insert the right needle into the next two stitches at the same time, as if to knit (from left to right).

IndtagningHøjre
Step 2

Yarn over the right needle and knit the two stitches as if they were just 1 stitch.

IndtagningHøjre
Step 3

Slip the stitches off the left needle as normal.

Left decrease (SSK)

IndtagningVenstre
Step 1

This decrease is commonly referred to as “slip slip knit” or SSK.
Knit up to the point where you need to decrease a stitch. The decrease is made over 2 stitched and leaves 1 stitch on the next row.
Start by slipping the next stitch as if to knit.

IndtagningVenstre
Step 2

Also slip the next stitch as if to knit.
Do NOT slip the stitches simultaneously, it is important to do this as two separate steps!

IndtagningVenstre
Step 3

Insert the left stitch into the two stitches just slipped.

IndtagningVenstre
Step 4

Knit the two stitches through the back loop.

IndtagningVenstre
Step 5

take off the stitches as normal.

IndtagningVenstre
Step 6

If the result does not look like this, go back and make sure you actually slipped the stitched in two separate steps, and that you did it knitwise. If you slipped them purlwise or at the same time, the result will look “twisted”

Wavy Lace stitch

Do you need a project to practice with? This lace stitch is both easy and very pretty. In the video I show you how to knit it near the end. This pattern gives you the opportunity to practice decreasing to the right and to the left, and it uses yarn overs as increases.

bølgeblonde
bølgeblonde

Step by step, the pattern goes like this:

Start
Cast on multiples of 12 + 1

Row 1
P all stitches

Row 2
P all stitches

Row 3
(k1, k2tog, k2tog, YO, k1, YO, k1, YO, SSK, SSK) repeat until last st, k1

Row 4
P all stitches

Row 5
(k1, k2tog, k2tog, YO, k1, YO, k1, YO, SSK, SSK) repeat until last st, k1

Row 6
P all stitches

Row 7
(k1, k2tog, k3, YO, k1, YO, k3, SSK) repeat until the last st, k1

Row 8
P all stitches

Row 9
K all stitches

Row 10
P all stitches

Ask if you need help : )

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